Vocab 10

Plight – n. an unfortunate, difficult, or precarious situation
Brandish – v. to shake or wave (as a weapon) menacingly
Valor – n. strength of mind or spirit that enables a person to encounter danger with firmness; bravery
Dismal – adj. showing or causing gloom or depression; lacking merit; bad
Surmise – n. a thought or idea based on scanty evidence
Recompense – n. an equivalent or a return for something done, suffered, or given; v. to give something to by way of compensation (as for a service rendered or damage incurred), to return in kind
Chastise – v. to inflict punishment on; to censure severely
Metaphysical – adj. of or relating to the transcendent or to a reality beyond what is perceptible to the senses; supernatural; theoretical
Gall – n. something bitter to endure; bile; v. to irritate or vex
Quell – n. slaughter; v. to pacify; to thoroughly overwhelm

Early Modern Period Study Guide


Richard III

Henry VII

Henry VIII

Martin Luther

Catherine of Aragon

Anne Boleyn

Jane Seymour

Mary I aka Bloody Mary

Elizabeth I

Edward VI

Mary Queen of Scots

James I

Charles I

Oliver Cromwell

Charles II





















Know information about all of the above people, what they do, and how they are connected to each other


Understand why we are not referring to this period as the Renaissance


Know how these events potentially impact literature

Vocab 9 Sentences

The munificent priest was laudable among the community because of his panegyric on Christmas and Easter.

Lance Armstrong seemed indefatigable throughout his seven Tour de France victories.

The knight seemed to be impervious to Tom’s sword.

Many people pretend to be judicious, but really have no idea what they are talking about.

The tension in the room was palpable.

Those who do yoga must be lithe to be able or bend the way that they do.

The king was incisive in all his decisions.

My opulence has accumulated over the years thanks to some risky investments in hedge funds.

I see Ms. Walsh as a very laudable person because although we drive her crazy in English class she still loves us.